Urinary tract infection is a bacterial infection on top of the urinary tract. While on the urinary tract is called cystitis (bladder infection) moderate, and when on the urinary tract is called pyelonephritis (kidney infection). Symptoms of urinary tract under cover painful urination and frequent urination or the urge to urinate (or both), while the symptoms of pyelonephritis include fever and pelvic pain as well as symptoms of urinary tract infection bottom. In the elderly and small children, the symptoms can be vague or non-specific. Bacteria linked to the cause of the second type is adalahEscherichia coli, but other bacteria, viruses, or fungi can cause rare cases.
Urinary tract infections are more common in women than in men, with half of the women had at least one infection during their lives. Relapse is common. Risk factors among female anatomy, sexual relationships, and family history. Pyelonephritis, when something, usually found after a bladder infection but can also be caused by an infection that is transmitted through the blood. Diagnosis in young healthy women can be based on symptoms alone. In people with vague symptoms, diagnosis may be difficult because the bacteria may be found without causing infection. In complex cases or when treatment fails, urine culture may be beneficial. In people who often suffer from infections, low dose antibiotics can be consumed as a preventative measure.
In case that is not complex, urinary tract infections can be easily treated with antibiotics short term, although resistance to many antibiotics used to treat this condition tends to increase. In complex cases, antibiotics over a long period of time or intravenous may be needed, and if the symptoms have not improved within two or three days, required further diagnostic examination. In women, urinary tract infection is a bacterial infection most commonly found, that 10% suffer from urinary tract infections each year.
A number of preventive measures have not been confirmed can affect the frequency of urinary tract infections include: the use of the contraceptive pill or condoms, urinate immediately after intercourse, the kind used in apparel, personal hygiene method used after urination or bowel movements, or whether someone usually with bath or shower (shower). That is still less evidence about the effect of resist urination, use of tampons, and rinsing with a hose directly.
In people who often suffer from urinary tract infections and use spermicides or diaphragm as a method of contraception, it is recommended to use other means. Cranberry (juice or capsules) can reduce the incidence in people who often suffer from infections, but there is a problem in the long-term tolerance for GI tract disorders that occur in more than 30% of people. Use twice a day is better than the use of one time per day. Until 2011, probiotics intravagina still require further research to determine whether it is beneficial. The use of condoms without spermicides or contraceptive pill use does not increase the risk of urinary tract infection medium.
Nanda Nursing Diagnosis for Urinary Tract Infection
1. Acute pain
3. Impaired Urinary Elimination
4. Risk for Fluid Volume Deficit
5. Disturbed Sleep Pattern
6. Imbalanced Nutrition, Less Than Body Requirements
8. Knowledge Deficit