Acute Pain related to Abdominal Distention

Nursing Care Plan for Abdominal Distention

Nursing Diagnosis : Acute Pain related to Abdominal Distention

Abdominal distension occurs when substances, such as air (gas) or fluid, accumulate in the abdomen causing its outward expansion beyond the normal girth of the stomach and waist. It is typically a symptom of an underlying disease or dysfunction in the body, rather than an illness in its own right. People suffering from this condition often describe it as "feeling bloated." Sufferers often experience a sensation of fullness, abdominal pressure and possibly nausea, pain or cramping. In the most extreme cases, upward pressure on the diaphram and lungs can also cause shortness of breath. Through a variety of causes (see below), bloating is most commonly due to buildup of gas in the stomach, small intestine or colon. The pressure sensation is often relieved, or at least lessened, by burping (belching) or passing gas (flatulence). Medications that settle gas in the stomach and intestines are also commonly used to treat the discomfort and lessen the abdominal distension.

Abdominal distension (or "distended abdomen") can be a sign of many other conditions, including:
  • Celiac disease
  • Tropical sprue
  • Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome
  • Kwashiorkor
  • Eosinophilic gastroenteritis
  • Giardiasis
  • Strongyloidiasis
  • Coccidiosis
  • Capillaria philippinensis
  • Hookworm Disease
  • Whipple's disease
  • Ascites
  • Diverticulitis
  • Fasciolosis
  • Kidney stones
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Obstructed bowel
  • Polycystic liver disease
  • Pregnancy
  • Premenstrual syndrome
  • Weight gain
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis)

Nursing Interventions :
  • Observation of vital signs.
  • Assess the level of pain.
  • Set a comfortable position.
  • Give a warm compress on the area of the abdomen.
  • Collaboration with doctors in therafi analgesics as indicated.

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