After nursing Interventions, increasing the comfort level of the client,
- Level of pain: the client may report pain in nurses, frequency of pain, facial expressions, and states of physical and psychological comfort, BP 120/80 mmHg, pulse: 60-100 x / min, respiration: 16-20x/menit
- Control of pain, as evidenced by the client reported pain symptoms and control pain.
- Perform a comprehensive pain assessment, including the location, characteristics, duration, frequency, quality and precipitation.
- Observation nonverbal reactions of discomfort.
- Use therapeutic communication techniques to determine the client's experience of pain before.
- Environmental controls that affect pain such as room temperature, lighting, noise.
- Reduce pain precipitation.
- Choose and pain management (pharmacological / non-pharmacological) ..
- Teach non-pharmacological techniques (relaxation, distraction, etc.) to overcome the pain.
- Give analgesics to reduce pain.
- Evaluation of pain reduction / control pain.
- Collaboration with the doctor if there are complaints about the administration of analgesics to no avail.
- Monitor client acceptance of pain management.
- Check program providing analgesic; types, dosage, and frequency.
- Check history of allergy.
- Determine the analgesic of choice, route of administration and optimal dosage.
- Monitor vital signs before and after the administration of analgesics.
- Give analgesics on time especially when pain appears.
- Evaluation of analgesic efficacy, side effects signs and symptoms.
- Pain response is very individual, so the handling is different for each individual.
- Therapeutic communication can increase the client's confidence so that nurses can be more cooperative in the pain management program.
- A comfortable environment can help clients to reduce pain.
- Transfer of pain with relaxation and distraction reduce pain being incurred.
- Provision of appropriate analgesics can help clients to adapt and cope with pain.
- Evaluative to pain management can be used as a reference for pain management that may arise subsequent or ongoing.