Prevention and Treatment of Measles

Prevention and Treatment of Measles
1. Definition
Measles (rubeola, measles) is a highly contagious viral infection, characterized by fever, cough, conjunctivitis (inflammation of the tissue lining of the eye / conjunctiva) and skin rash. The disease is caused by a viral infection

2. Causes
Measles is caused by a paramyxovirus (measles virus)

3. Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms begin to appear within 7-14 days after infection, namely:
  • hot body
  • sore throat
  • runny nose (Coryza)
  • cough
  • Koplik spots
  • muscle pain
  • red eyes (conjuctivitis)

2-4 days later, small white spots appear inside the mouth (Koplik spots). Rash (redness of the skin) which feels a bit itchy appear 3-5 days after the onset of the above symptoms

4. Result
bacterial infections: pneumonia and middle ear infections
Sometimes occurs thrombocytopenia (decreased platelet count), so people easy bruising and easy bleeding
Encephalitis (brain infection) occurs in 1 of 1.000 to 2000 cases.

5. Modes of Transmission
Transmission occurs through saliva splashes from the nose, mouth and throat with measles (water borne disease). The incubation period is 10-14 days before symptoms appear

6. Prevention
Measles vaccine.

7. Treatment
Patients should be advised to rest for at least 10 days and eat nutritious foods that increase the body's immunity.
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