Prevention and Treatment of Measles

Prevention and Treatment of Measles
1. Definition
Measles (rubeola, measles) is a highly contagious viral infection, characterized by fever, cough, conjunctivitis (inflammation of the tissue lining of the eye / conjunctiva) and skin rash. The disease is caused by a viral infection

2. Causes
Measles is caused by a paramyxovirus (measles virus)

3. Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms begin to appear within 7-14 days after infection, namely:
  • hot body
  • sore throat
  • runny nose (Coryza)
  • cough
  • Koplik spots
  • muscle pain
  • red eyes (conjuctivitis)

2-4 days later, small white spots appear inside the mouth (Koplik spots). Rash (redness of the skin) which feels a bit itchy appear 3-5 days after the onset of the above symptoms

4. Result
bacterial infections: pneumonia and middle ear infections
Sometimes occurs thrombocytopenia (decreased platelet count), so people easy bruising and easy bleeding
Encephalitis (brain infection) occurs in 1 of 1.000 to 2000 cases.

5. Modes of Transmission
Transmission occurs through saliva splashes from the nose, mouth and throat with measles (water borne disease). The incubation period is 10-14 days before symptoms appear

6. Prevention
Measles vaccine.

7. Treatment
Patients should be advised to rest for at least 10 days and eat nutritious foods that increase the body's immunity.

Related Articles:

No comments:

Post a Comment