1. Monitor complications
Acites, bleeding esophageal varices and hepatic encephalopathy is a very feared complication in patients with liver cirrhosis. In addition to kidney failure and infections are also very dangerous. For that family members should know where the manifestation should be reported immediately to healthcare personnel and when to seek help immediately.
2. Maximize the function of the liver
Diit setting is very important to minimize the risk of injury and maximize regeneration. Given diet should be low in protein in severe liver damage and if there is edema should be low in salt and water. When the process is not actively required a diet high in calories, high in protein. However, if there are signs hepatic coma, the amount of calories and protein should be discontinued. B vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) is generally given to the client with alcoholic cirrhosis. Adequate rest is also very important to maximize the regeneration of the liver.
3. Treatment based on the cause
It's important to eliminate exposure hepatoxin, avoiding the use of alcohol. Given an antacid to reduce gastric distress and minimize the likelihood of gastrointestinal bleeding.
4. Prevention of infection
Includes adequate rest, proper diet and avoiding substance hepatoxcic. Provide a quiet environment to enhance the client breaks and also a means to reduce the risk of infection isolation from the surrounding environment.
5. Diuretics that retain potassium if acites artifacts and minimize symptoms of fluid and electrolyte changes caused by the use of diuretics.
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