Insomnia is trouble falling asleep or staying asleep through the night.
Episodes may come and go (episodic), last up to 3 weeks (short-term), or be long-lasting (chronic).
The most common complaints or symptoms in people with insomnia are:
- Trouble falling asleep on most nights
- Feeling tired during the day or falling asleep during the day
- Not feeling refreshed when you wake up
- Waking up several times during sleep
- People who have insomnia sometimes keep thinking about getting enough sleep. The more they try to sleep, the more frustrated and upset they get, and the harder sleep becomes.
- A lack of restful sleep can affect your ability to do your daily activities because you are tired or have trouble concentrating.
- Assess side effects of treatment on sleep patterns of clients.
- Monitor the client's sleep patterns and note the relationship of physical factors (eg, sleep apnea, airway obstruction, pain / discomfort, and frequent urination).
- Explain to the client the importance of adequate sleep (during pregnancy, illness, psychosocial stress).
- Teach clients and families to avoid the causes (eg, lifestyle, diet, activity, and environmental factors).
- Teach clients and my family in relaxation techniques (massage / sequence before bed, a warm bath, drink warm milk).
According Remelda (2008) for medical treatment in patients with insomnia is by giving drugs known as sedative-hypnotics such as: Benzodiazepines (Diazepam, Lorazepam, triazolam, Klordiazepoksid) but the side effects of the drug resulted in Inkoordinsi motor, mental and psychomotor dysfunction, impaired coordination thinking, dry mouth, etc..