Clinical Manifestations of Hyperthyroidism

Clinical Manifestations of Hyperthyroidism

1. Cardiovascular:
  • Increased Cardiac Output. CO = HR (Heart Rate) + SV (Stroke Volume)
  • Increased oxygen consumption
  • Increased systolic blood pressure 10-15 mmHg
  • Diastolic blood pressure 10-15 mmHg increase
  • palpitations
  • Rapid and strong pulse
  • Possible CHF and edema
2. Breathing:
  • Increased speed and depth of breathing
  • Shortness of breath
3. Kidney:
  • Fluid retention
  • Urine output decreases
4. Gasterointestinal:
  • Increased peristalsis
  • Increased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • diarrhea
  • Increased use of protein networks
  • Decrease in serum lipids
  • Increased secretion gasterointestinal, vomiting, abdominal pain
5. Musculoskeletal:
  • Negative nitrogen balance
  • Malnutrition
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Impaired coordination and tremors
6. Integumentary:
  • Increased sweating
  • Moist skin
  • Redness of skin color
  • Hair: soft and easily removed
  • Not resistant to heat
7. Endocrine: thyroid enlargement

8. Neurology:
  • Increased tendon reflexes
  • Fine tremor
  • Nervous, kelalahan
  • Unstable emotions: anxiety, fear and paranoia
9. Reproduction:
  • Women: amenorrhea, irregular mensturasi, decreased fertility, spontaneous abortion trend.
  • Men: impotence, poenurunan libido, decreased sexual development secondary
10. Other: exopthalmus.

Related Articles:

No comments:

Post a Comment